Iran formerly known as Persia is located in the Middle East. This nation is bordered by 7 countries: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey and Turkmenistan. The country is surrounded by Caspian sea, Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.
Iran’s economy relies on oil and gas exports and has well-developed service, agricultural and industrial sectors. It, in fact, has a large resource bank for natural gas, petroleum, crude oil and other petroleum products. However, the Iranian government indirectly operates large companies and mostly owns hundreds of state enterprises that operate with the country’s security forces. This has resulted in a limited banking system, inflation and distorted price control among other economic setbacks.
Iran Post Sanction Economy
However, Iran had been improving since the UN Security Council lifted an imposed ordeal in the country. As part of the P5+1, the US later imposed a different law in the country to abide by. Since the law had been lifted to ban the nuclear program in the country and unfreeze Iran’s assets, the government had been looking forward to great improvement, opening the country up to international trade and bolstering direct foreign investment to stimulate the economy’s growth.
Global investment into Iran has been steadily increasing since 2013, a year in which the country attracted just three FDI projects. This increased to eight in 2014 and nine in 2015.
Since the sanctions were lifted the leading sector for investment into Iran has been financial services, which has attracted four investments from separate companies with capital expenditure of $60m
The country has also attracted investments from the automotive sector, business services, consumer electronics and textiles, among others, it added.
What are Iran’s Vital Data Points?
|Population||84, 150, 000 (2020 est)|
|GDP (billion USD)||453.9 billion|
|GDP per capita (USD)||5, 550|
|GDP per capita (PPP)||12, 937|
|Purchasing Power per Dollar (compared to the US)||132%|
|Surface Area (sq km)||1, 648, 195|
|% of the population living in urban areas||75.39%|
|% of GDP added by agriculture – industry – services||9.6% – 35.3% – 55%|
|Ease of Doing Business Index (1 = best; 189 = lowest)||127|
Iran’s business Index
In ‘ease of doing business’, Iran ranks 119th out of 189 economies.
Iran’s key business sectors
- Caustic soda
- Cement and other construction materials
- Food processing – mainly sugar refining and vegetable oil production
- Ferrous and nonferrous metal fabrication
Steel, weaving, food processing, car, electrical and Electronics Industries are among the key industries in the country. Iran now produces a wide range of manufactured commodities, such as telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, paper, rubber products, steel, food products, wood and leather products, textiles, and pharmaceuticals. Iran is also known throughout the world for its hand-woven carpets. The traditional craft of making these Persian rugs contributes substantially to rural incomes and is one of Iran’s’ most important export industries
The pharmaceuticals, paper, sugar, packaging and textile segments have been identified as key growth areas of the industrial sector by the Industrial Development & Renovation Organization of Iran.
Iran’s top export commodities
- Petroleum – 80%
- Chemical and petrochemical products
- Fruits and nuts
Iran’s top export partners (percentage of total exports)
- China (29%)
- India (11.9%)
- Turkey (10.4%)
- Japan (6.5%)
- South Korea (4.8%)
What is Iran’s political structure?
Iran is an Islamic republic that follows a Theocratic Republic system.
The Supreme Leader of Iran is appointed for life by an Assembly of Experts. The President is elected by absolute majority population for a term of 4 years.
Iran’s main holidays
Here are the main holidays on which most offices, institutes, and schools will remain closed. Please note that the (End-of-the-)Ramadan festivities change every year due to the lunar calendar.
|February 11||Revolution Day|
|March 2||Martyrdom of Fatima|
|April 10||Birthday of Imam Ali|
|April 24||Prophet’s Ascension|
|May 12||Imam Mahdi’s birthday|
|June 16||Martyrdom of Imam Mahdi|
|July 20||Martyrdom of Imam Sadeq|
|September 2||Eid-e-Ghorban (Feast of Sacrifice)|
|November 19||Martyrdom of Imam Reza|
|December 6||Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq|
Iran’s economic activity and government revenues remain dependent on oil revenues, making it a somewhat volatile market. However, the government is implementing a 5-year developmental plan based on a 20-year vision document. This plan is based on 3 main goals – 1) advancement of Science and Technology, 2) cultural aspects and an overall 3) resilient economy.