The Polish defence sector: export opportunities

The Polish defence sector: export opportunities

The Polish defence sector: export opportunities

In 2014, Poland’s economy was the 6th largest in the European Union, owing to its pleasant business climate, stable employment opportunities, and import & export activities.

Poland boasts of the multiple business opportunities in the modernization of their navy, air defense, armored and mechanized forces, and search and rescue operations. In fact, the Polish defense sector is one with immense potential and an expected annual growth graph of more than 9 percent until the year 2022.

Polish Defense Sector: Business Opportunities

The Polish Defense industry is composed of an estimated number of 60 foreign and state-owned companies.

Defense sub-sector production includes electronics, optoelectronics, telecommunication, armored equipment and vehicles, weapon systems, and ships, among others.

With regard to the main business opportunities within its defense industry, Poland can be listed under four primary categories –

  1. Navy
  2. Air Defense
  3. Armored and Mechanized Force
  4. Search and Rescue

To elucidate the efficient planning of the Polish Defense sector, here are some specific requirements defined for each category, some with timelines:

  1. Navy

  • 3 submarines as a part of the ORCA program, preferably equipped with maneuvering missiles to be delivered between 2022 and 2023
  • 3 mine warfare destroyers KORMORAN to be delivered until 2022
  • 3 coastal defense vessels to be delivered between 2017 and 2019
  • 3 patrol vessels with mine countermeasure functions CZAPLA to be delivered between 2020 and 2022
  • The electronic intelligence ship - DELFIN

2.) Air Defense

  • 19 mobile radiolocation stations
  • 79 self-propelled anti-craft missiles
  • Simulators and training crafts
  • Armored and mechanized forces
  • 13 fire modules
  • Armored infantry fighting vehicles based on Universal Modular Tracked Platform
  • Simulators and trainers including tactical battlefield simulators, minelaying engineering trainers, and shooting simulators

3) Armoured and Mechanised Forces

  • Vehicles of armoured infantry built on the Universal Modular Tracked Platform, fit for fighting
  • Shooting simulators
  • Tactical battlefield simulators
  • REGINA and RAK 13 fire modules, delivery expected by or before 2025
  • Simulators and trainers
  • Minelaying engineering trainers

4) Search and Rescue

  • 3 rescue vessels
  • Equipment for the navy and border guard including radars and sensors
  • adaptation of buses to medical evacuation

Gaining contracts and purchasing criterion

In order to gain contracts in Poland, there are basic requirements and criteria that need to be fulfilled:

  • Concession to carry out economic activities in the military field  
  • Appropriate track record
  • Positive tax and social insurance payment record
  • Financial and credit capacity

Here are the main purchasing criteria:

  • Co-operation with companies based in Poland, service & maintenance provided by Polish companies and joint-ventures
  • Adjustments for Polish condition
  • Price
  • Delivery time
  • Service

Drivers of growth


  • The Polish Armed Forces Technical Modernisation Plan:

The agenda under this plan essentially involves modernizing the sector to make it more competitive. 31 BEUR is allocated to this program, most of which is towards a medium range anti-rocket missile system.


  • The geopolitical scenario

Poland is feeling the pressure of new threats on its land and people. The crisis in Ukraine is straining relations between Poland and Russia and causing countries such as Sweden and Finland to join forces. This is naturally pushing the country to upgrade its defence systems.


  • High budget commitment

Poland has one of the highest defense spends from all the EU countries. It has committed 2% of its GDP, which is rising, to defense measures since 2016. This opens up innumerable opportunities in this sector for those willing to participate.

In 2014, Poland’s Defense sector went through a consolidation process which wrapped up with over 30 companies, 16, 000 employees, and approximately 1.1 BEUR in revenue. For more information, obtain relevant data on the current opportunities via detailed market research on this sector.

This entry in Europe was updated on July 6, 2018 by specialist.